For fans of Religion or Roman History, this is a must visit. Others come for the altar, Benedictine cloisters and art-inscription filled dome.
The Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano or St. John Lateran is the first among the four major Roman Basilicas. It is the Cathedral of the Pope and the bishop of Rome and is known as the Cathedral of Rome and the world. It was constructed by Constantine the Great and dates back to the 4th Century, it was the very first church to be built in the city of Rome. Containing important relics, an ancient Baptistery of San Giovanni in Fonte and a 13th century cloister, it really is a must see if you have an interest in religion or Roman history.
The Basilica has a fascinating history which details the damage which occurred through earthquakes fires and battles. In 1377 when the popes returned to Rome the church and city was almost in ruins, they immediately set to work led by Pope Martin V and rebuilt the church. Come to see the central bronze doors from the original senate house. The statue of Constantine the Great and the high altar which can only be used by the Pope. The altar of the Holy Sacrament contains a cedar table which is said to be the one used by Christ at the Last Supper.
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