With some of the best preserved Byzantine interiors in Rome, the high altar and crypt are notable highlights of this church, acknowledged as one of the most beautiful in the city.
The Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore was founded in the 4th century, it is one of the great five ancient Roman Basilicas and it has some of the best preserved Byzantine interiors in Rome. The church was probably built in the early 400's, when many churches dedicated to the Virgin Mary were constructed.The name has changed many times over the years but it was finally named Santa Maria Maggiore, otherwise known as St. Mary Major due to the fact it is the largest of 26 churches in Rome which have been dedicated to the Virgin Mary.
The church is considered to be one of the most beautiful in the city, it still retains the original ancient blueprint but the majority of the exterior dates back to the 18th century. There is however a visible part of the original early Christian Basilica which can be seen from Via dell'Esquilino. The interior is typical of 5th century Rome with a wide nave, side aisles and the rounded apse.
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